Business and Human Rights from Principles to Practice


The aim of the “Share the knowledge” initiative is to create a diverse, inclusive, and participatory knowledge network on human rights. Within this segment, we share valuable and interesting academic papers. Readers have the chance to deepen human rights-related topics and to get some ideas for further studies.


We are enthusiastic about sharing the academic paper of Giulia Rosina, a second-year HRG student. The paper was submitted as the final essay for the course of International Law of Human Rights, on 19th January 2020. In her work, Giulia wants to understand if, as globalization progresses, the existing norms are effective in preventing human rights-abuses by economic non-state actors. She begins by exploring the content of the Guidelines Principles on Business and Human Rights endorsed by the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) on 16 June 2011. The Guidelines were finalized after six years of consultation and they represent the core initiative in addressing businesses’ impacts on human rights standards. They are based on three pillars: the state duty to protect human rights, the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, and the access to remedy for business-related human rights abuses. Next, she mentions a case of the European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) about the cotton industry in Uzbekistan and two Court Judgments; and concludes that the existing norms are not effective in preventing business-related human rights abuses and that there is a vacuum that the International Community is barely addressing.

The following work is the intellectual property of Giulia Rosina and any attempt to pass her work off as your own may have academic and legal consequences.



Business and Human Rights from Principle
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